International Journal of Humanities and Social Science

ISSN 2220-8488 (Print), 2221-0989 (Online) 10.30845/ijhss

State Recognition and Respect for the Rights of Customary Law Communities in the Maluku Islands Region in the Exploitation of Forest Resources
Eric Stenly Holle

The Constitution clearly provides recognition and respect for the existence of society customary law in Indonesia is regulated in Article 18B paragraph (2) and Article 28I paragraph (3) of the 1945 Constitution. However, how is the implementation in the islands such as Maluku Province which has unique characteristics such as cultural, social, religious culture and especially in the utilization of forest resources based on local wisdom that has been maintained for generations. This writing uses a juridical-normative approach. From the results of the writing it can be stated that the centralized system of government development which has so far been practiced through various permits for the management and exploitation of natural resources including forests has resulted in the degradation and function of forests which has resulted in the loss of access to indigenous and tribal peoples in the archipelago, which has led to economic, social and environmental excesses.

Full Text: PDF