International Journal of Humanities and Social Science

ISSN 2220-8488 (Print), 2221-0989 (Online) 10.30845/ijhss

Effectiveness of Hotspot Policing and Drug Court: A Literature Review
Bassey Kooffreh

Quantitative research analyses have shown that some programs are effective in reducing recidivism; consequently, the term "what works" regarding effective criminal justice policies were developed as a consequence of the findings of these studies. The goal of this piece is to present a literature review of studies that have shown drug courts to be a compelling choice for treating drug offenders, reducing criminal behaviour, monitoring their progress in the community, and alleviating the strain on the criminal justice system. In addition, the paper provides an in-depth review to see whether or not policies designed to target crime "hotspots" successfully lower crime rates in those areas without increasing criminal activity in other areas.

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